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Impact of Spotted Hyena Optimized Cascade Controller in Load Frequency Control of Wave-Solar-Double Compensated Capacitive Energy Storage Based Interconnected Power System


[ 1 ] Instytut Elektrotechniki i Elektroniki Przemysłowej, Wydział Automatyki, Robotyki i Elektrotechniki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.2] Automation, electronics and electrical engineering

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 15 | Journal number: iss. 19

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Archimedes wave energy conversion
  • automatic generation control
  • bio-diesel plant
  • capacitive energy storage
  • geothermal power plant
  • PDN(FOID) controller
  • PV
  • spotted hyena optimizer
  • wave power plan

EN The concept of automatic generation control has an immense role in providing quality power in an interconnected system. To obtain quality power by controlling the oscillations of fre- quency and tie-line power, a proper controller design is necessary. So, an innovative endeavor has been undertaken to enforce a two-stage controller with the amalgamation of a proportional-deriva- tive with filter (PDN) (integer-order) and a fractional order integral-derivative (FOID), i.e., PDN(FOID). In an effort to acquire the controller’s gains and parameters, a bio-inspired meta-heu- ristic spotted hyena optimizer is applied. Various examinations manifest the excellence of PDN(FOID) over other controllers such as integral, proportional –integral, proportional – integral- derivative filter, and fractional order PID from perspectives concerning the diminished amount of peak anomaly oscillations, and the instant of settling for a three-area system. The system includes thermal – bio-diesel in area-1; a thermal – geothermal power plant in area-2; and a thermal – split-shaft gas turbine in area-3. It is also observed that the presence of renewable sources such as wave power plants and photovoltaics makes the system significantly better compared to the base system, when assessed individually or both together. Action in a combination of capacitive energy storage with duple compensation is also examined using the PDN(FOID) controller, which provides a notewor- thy outcome in dynamic performance. Moreover, PDN(FOID) parameter values at a nominal con- dition are appropriate for the random patterns of disturbance needed for optimization

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

6959-1 - 6959-26





Article number: 6959

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

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Impact Factor

3.252 [List 2021]

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