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Comparative Evaluation of the Tribological Properties of Polymer Materials with Similar Shore Hardness Working in Metal–Polymer Friction Systems


[ 1 ] Instytut Maszyn Roboczych i Pojazdów Samochodowych, Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Transportu, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.8] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 16 | Journal number: iss. 2

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • polymer
  • friction
  • coefficient tests
  • roughness
  • Shore hardness
  • wear factor

EN This article presents comparative tests of contact strength and tribological wear resistance of polymer sliding materials of the polyamide group. The aim of this work was to study Shore hardness, indentation hardness, modulus, creep, relaxation, Martens hardness and sliding wear resistance of two commercial materials. One of these materials was produced with the recycling process in mind. Abrasion tests were performed against a stainless-steel ball (100CRr6) on a normal load of 5 N for 23,830 friction cycles. The samples were tested under dry friction conditions and taking into account the hydrothermal factor, the presence of which was assumed in the anticipated operating conditions. It was distilled water at a temperature of 50 °C. The volumetric wear of the samples under various environmental conditions was assessed and related to the mechanical properties, in particular, Shore hardness. This mechanical size, which characterizes the surface, was considered the most frequently used by engineers selecting polymeric materials for tribological applications in industry. The Shore hardness of both materials was similar, which may indicate similar tribological performance properties. However, research and analysis indicate the need to use measures that directly correspond to tribological wear. The friction and wear of both materials varied. The coefficient of friction in hydrothermal conditions was lower and the wear was higher than in the dry friction test. It seems that it was not hardness that determined the suitability in the anticipated operating conditions, but the ability to form a sliding layer on the friction surface. The properties of the material that has been envisaged as a replacement may be appropriate for the intended uses.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

573-1 - 573-20





Article Number: 573

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

3.748 [List 2021]

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