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Using Composition to Assess and Enhance Visual Values in Landscapes


[ 1 ] Instytut Architektury i Planowania Przestrzennego, Wydział Architektury, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.1] Architecture and urban planning

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2021 | Journal volume: vol. 13 | Journal number: iss. 8

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • landscape
  • panorama
  • composition
  • visual values
  • landscape evaluation
  • landscape management
  • sustainable spatial planning

EN (1) The research presented in this paper aims to study the value attributed to a landscape composition’s visual elements and their overall influence on how they are perceived. The historical and contemporary visual approaches to a landscape constitute its background, for example, geographical, aesthetic, iconographic, phenomenological. (2) The visual assessment method elaborated by the Polish school of landscape architecture is used in the first part of this study. It is built of three steps with corresponding tools: landscape inventory, composition analysis, and evaluation. Moreover, an expert survey is used to complete the study. The work’s novelty is completing the visual approach with an expert inquiry, which aims to solve the subjectivity issue, an inherent visual evaluation controversy. The study area comprises urban and suburban locations from the agglomeration of Poznań, Poland. (3) The research results indicate the significant contribution of three visual elements to the positive assessment of landscape values: greenery, built heritage, and water. The importance of the composition is also demonstrated. (4) The main research findings show that visual evaluation tools should be implemented as part of sustainable spatial planning. Their implementation permits identifying the essential positive value in the existing landscape and creating guidelines for its preservation or enhancement. The article’s significance is the effect of proposing real and possible guidelines to improve the spatial planning policy, making landscape management more sustainable.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

4185-1 - 4185-31





Article Number: 4185

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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Ministry points / journal in years 2017-2021


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