Depending on the amount of data to process, file generation may take longer.

If it takes too long to generate, you can limit the data by, for example, reducing the range of years.


Download BibTeX


Diving boldly into COVID-19 contaminated wastewater: Eyes at nanotechnology-assisted solutions


[ 1 ] Instytut Technologii Materiałów, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in

Clinical and Translational Discovery

Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 3 | Journal number: iss. 3

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • virus detection
  • wastewater treatment
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • COVID-19
  • water contamination

EN Several studies have been directed to find scalable, swift, accurate, and cost-effective strategies for detecting, monitoring, and treating coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Indeed, the lack of a fast and practical method for detecting the infected regions makes decision-making challenging to combat the critical pandemic-struck situations. The probable ‘wrong’, or rather inadequate, decisions not only have a boomerang effect on the economy but also can lead to an increase in the number of infected individuals, degree of hospitalization, and death counts. Although the current clinical methods are effective, they are costly, time-consuming, and, more particularly, inadequate because of the virus's mutation patterns. In addition, contamination of biomedical wastes with the COVID-19 virus is a matter of grave concern. Therefore, there is a perpetual need for novel methodologies to delineate the contaminated regions and determine whether those viruses contaminate the wastewater. Although several review papers have been recently published to discuss those concerns, there is a lack of a comprehensive survey of the detection and treatment of the COVID-19 virus in aqueous media. Herein, we review techniques available as spreading signifiers for detecting the COVID-19 virus in water resources and wastewater. We classify and integrate techniques into wastewater, sewage, and sludge detection and monitoring. Treatment of COVID-19-contaminated wastewater is discussed by classifying and ranking the methodologies nurtured from nanotechnology, including nanoparticle-based biosensors used in the detection and nanotechnology-based filtration systems for the removal of COVID-19 from wastewater. We also highlight the compilation of the detection methodologies in contaminated aqueous media and provide insight into the challenges associated with treating COVID-19-contaminated wastewater. The article concludes that international and robust guidelines for virus/bacteria treatment in wastewater are urgently needed to protect the environment and public health, where nanotechnology plays a key role.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

e195-1 - e195-27





Article Number: e195

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Ministry points / journal


This website uses cookies to remember the authenticated session of the user. For more information, read about Cookies and Privacy Policy.