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Implementing Sustainable Development Concept: A Typology of Family Firms in Poland


[ 1 ] Instytut Inżynierii Bezpieczeństwa i Jakości, Wydział Inżynierii Zarządzania, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[5.6] Management and quality studies

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 14 | Journal number: iss. 7

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • sustainable development
  • family businesses
  • social identity theory
  • triple bottom line
  • family engagement

EN For companies, sustainable development generally represents a long-term business orientation towards social, economic and environmental well-being. The concept has gained momentum among researchers partly due to the necessity of finding a modern approach to business development that does not deprive the next generation of the opportunity to meet its own needs. Based on a sample of 333 Polish family firms, three groups of businesses were isolated (via k-means clustering) on the basis of low, medium and high deployment of pro-sustainability initiatives. This paper aims to investigate whether family firms demonstrating divergent levels of sustainable development express between-group differences. Measuring diversity using ANOVA with post hoc testing produced results associating business growth and higher levels of family involvement (e.g., via increased participation of family members from different generations in firm management) with the increased absorption of sustainable solutions and actions. These findings support notions from social identity theory suggesting that groups significantly shape the individual identities of their members. This means that family members inclined to implement sustainable development initiatives are likely to stimulate each other to introduce particular solutions and actions in praxis.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

4302-1 - 4302-21





Article number: 4302

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

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Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

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Impact Factor

3.251 [List 2020]

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