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Flow Modeling in a Vortex Chamber of a Liquid–Steam Jet Apparatus


[ 1 ] Instytut Technologii i Inżynierii Chemicznej, Wydział Technologii Chemicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[7.6] Chemical sciences

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 10 | Journal number: iss. 5

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • energy efficiency
  • process innovation
  • vortex flow
  • underheated liquid
  • oblique cut
  • flow deflection angle
  • modified Euler number

EN The article investigated the flow of boiling streams through a nozzle with an oblique cut. Due to this flow organization, deviation from the nozzle axis at the vortex chamber inlet occurred. The study of flow modeling in the inlet section was carried out. The flow design and the calculation scheme of the vortex liquid–steam jet apparatus were proposed. Analytical expressions between the main operating parameters were obtained according to the developed mathematical model. A recommended oblique-cut angle for the active-flow nozzle was evaluated considering the transition through the first critical section based on the tangential velocity flow model. Validation of the mathematical model in the inlet section of the vortex chamber was provided based on the comparison with available experimental data. Flow visualization in the inlet section of the vortex chamber was obtained. The assumption of uneven flow distribution was confirmed experimentally. Overall, the boiling liquid flow was implemented in the active flow nozzle. The obtained scientific and practical results help to determine geometric parameters and physical characteristics of the vortex-type liquid–steam jet apparatus at the design stage. The obtained results were implemented to modernize vacuum units based on vortex type liquid–steam jet apparatuses.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

984-1 - 984-20





Article number: 984

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date

16.05.2022 (Date presumed)

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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