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A space-time generalized finite difference method for solving unsteady double-diffusive natural convection in fluid-saturated porous media


[ 1 ] Instytut Mechaniki Stosowanej, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.8] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in

Engineering Analysis with Boundary Elements

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 142

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • double-diffusive natural convection
  • fluid-saturated porous media
  • generalized finite difference method
  • space-time approach
  • time-marching method
  • meshless numerical scheme

EN In this paper, the space-time generalized finite difference scheme is proposed to effectively solve the unsteady double-diffusive natural convection problem in the fluid-saturated porous media. In such a case, it is mathematically described by nonlinear time-dependent partial differential equations based on Darcy’s law. In this work, the space-time approach is applied using a combination of the generalized finite difference, NewtonRaphson, and time-marching methods. In the space-time generalized finite difference scheme, the spatial and temporal derivatives can be performed using the technique for spatial discretization. Thus, the stability of the proposed numerical scheme is determined by the generalized finite difference method. Due to the property of this numerical method, which is based on the Taylor series expansion and the moving-least square method, the resultant matrix system is a sparse matrix. Then, the Newton-Raphson method is used to solve the nonlinear system efficiently. Furthermore, the time-marching method is utilized to proceed along the time axis after a numerical process in one space-time domain. By using this method, the proposed numerical scheme can efficiently simulate the problems which have an unpredictable end time. In this study, three benchmark examples are tested to verify the capability of the proposed meshless scheme.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

138 - 152




Points of MNiSW / journal


Impact Factor

2.964 [List 2020]

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