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Materials Selection in Product Development: Challenges and Quality Management Tools


[ 1 ] Instytut Technologii Materiałów, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Chapter type

chapter in monograph / paper

Publication language


  • product innovation
  • sustainable manufacturing
  • root cause analysis
  • Cause and Effect Analysis
  • FMEA
  • QFD method
  • Life-Cycle Analysis
  • Life-Cycle Assessment
  • process innovation

EN Selecting the optimal material from a wide range of competitive variants significantly affects the final technical success of the product development. It avoids undesirable cost consequences and possible premature failure in the marketplace. Today, among the criteria for choosing materials, the emphasis has shifted more towards considering economic aspects and environmental impact. Various defects can occur during the life cycle of a material, from the production of original components to the commissioning of a product in the field. The nature of the deficiencies must be quickly identified and appropriate action taken. It has created a tendency to solve material selection problems using root cause analysis as the most useful problem-solving method in the engineering toolbox. The concepts and step-by-step methodology selected for research quality management tools in root cause analysis (Cause and Effect Analysis, Failure Mode and Effects Analysis, Quality Function Deployment, and Life-cycle Assessment) are considered in the paper. The main advantages and disadvantages of each method are established. Practical cases of using these methods to decide concrete applied problems in polymer materials science are described.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

72 - 86





Advances in Manufacturing III : Volume 3 - Quality Engineering: Research and Technology Innovations, Industry 4.0

Presented on

7th International Scientific-Technical Conference MANUFACTURING 2022, 16-19.05.2022, Poznań, Polska

Ministry points / chapter


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