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Developing the Urban Blue-Green Infrastructure as a Tool for Urban Air Quality Management


[ 1 ] Instytut Architektury i Planowania Przestrzennego, Wydział Architektury, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.1] Architecture and urban planning

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 14 | Journal number: iss. 15

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • city breathability
  • urban ventilation
  • urban air quality management
  • blue-green infrastructure
  • integrated urban planning
  • sustainable development

EN Urban structure is an important factor that shapes the process of urban ventilation and pollution dispersion. With proper planning of the urban spatial layout, city breathability can be effectively regulated, contributing to urban air quality improvement. This paper investigates the development and current management of urban systems of green and open spaces in four Polish cities: Gdańsk, Warsaw, Pozna´n and Wrocław, with a particular focus on the planning aspects of urban ventilation and air quality management. The initial GIS-based comparison of historical plans and the current spatial layouts of the cities show that these systems, consciously shaped at the beginning of the twentieth century, remain clearly identifiable. However, in some locations, the continuance of these systems was interrupted by later investments. The next step was to develop GIS procedures to effectively map the spatial distribution of selected urban form indicators that are related to urban ventilation, especially the frontal area index. The results made it possible to determine the main features of the current ventilation systems and to identify some of the local problem areas. The last phase of the study was to conduct a local-scale analysis of these problem areas. With this study, the applicability of various analysis and simulation tools for the purpose of improving city breathability by appropriate integrated planning and design decisions was demonstrated. The presented approach, taking into account the city- and micro-scale interactions, should be used in current planning practice to preserve the historically developed ventilation systems.

Pages (from - to)

9688-1 - 9688-29





article number: 9688

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

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