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Article


Title

Wind Parks in Poland - New Challenges and Perspectives

Authors

[ 1 ] Instytut Analizy Konstrukcji, Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Transportu, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.6] Civil engineering and transport

Year of publication

2022

Published in

Energies

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 15 | Journal number: iss. 19

Article type

scientific article

Publication language

english

Keywords
EN
  • wind parks
  • renewable energy sources
  • Poland energy policy
  • energy security
  • energy independence
Abstract

EN The wind farm market in Poland evolved very dynamically in the years 2000–2015. Unfortunately, the high public resistance caused the government in 2016 to freeze the development of this industry by introducing a restrictive act, which practically stopped the wind farm industry overnight. The climate aspects, such as reduction of the carbon footprint, which have been considered and widely discussed for several years at the European Union forums, were a chance to change this situation. The new regulations gave hope that the wind energy industry in Poland would soon be unblocked, unfortunately the commitment to coal was still an effective barrier, which is clearly visible in the presented study. The Russian aggression against Ukraine, which resulted in a blockade of hydrocarbon imports, has completely changed the center of gravity of the Polish energy and heating economy. The article focuses on the accelerated changes in the renewable energy sources (RESs) and the related legislation, especially emphasizing the prospect of building offshore wind farms. The huge European energy crisis means that new solutions, both legislative and technological, which will allow to quickly switch to green energy, must appear in Poland immediately. The direct conversion of green energy from RES farms into thermal energy in the planned investment in heat energy plants is discussed. This article also presents a broad view of new opportunities as well as the challenges and prospects that have recently arisen in the wind energy industry in Poland.

Date of online publication

23.09.2022

Pages (from - to)

7004-1 - 7004-26

DOI

10.3390/en15197004

URL

https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/15/19/7004

Comments

Article Number: 7004

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Ministry points / journal

140.0

Impact Factor

3.252 [List 2021]

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