Depending on the amount of data to process, file generation may take longer.

If it takes too long to generate, you can limit the data by, for example, reducing the range of years.


Download file Download BibTeX


Determination of Mineral Oil Concentration in the Mixture with Synthetic Ester Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy


[ 1 ] Instytut Elektroenergetyki, Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska i Energetyki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.10] Environmental engineering, mining and energy

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 16 | Journal number: iss. 17

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • power transformer
  • liquid dielectrics
  • synthetic ester
  • mineral oil
  • mixture
  • near-infrared spectroscopy

EN Currently, synthetic ester is gaining a bigger share in the market. This type of insulating liquid is used both in new and operated transformers filled with mineral oil. In the case of transformers in operation, the synthetic ester is used in the retrofilling procedure, drying the cellulose insulation, or as a blend with oil, the properties of which are better than those of base liquids. In all these three cases, we are dealing with a mixture of synthetic ester and mineral oil. The concentration of both of these liquids in the mixture has a significant impact on its properties; therefore, methods are necessary to determine the content of individual mixture components. The article presents a method for determining the concentration of mineral oil in a mixture with synthetic ester using near-infrared spectroscopy. Based on the conducted tests, an absorption band was determined that can be used for this purpose. This band is centered at 2126 nm. The determined dependence of the absorbance on mineral oil concentration in the mixture with synthetic ester confirmed the linear nature of this relationship. The conducted research confirmed the possibility of using the method based on near-infrared spectroscopy to determine the concentration of individual components of a mixture of mineral oil and synthetic ester. The proposed method can be used both for a mixture of new liquids and mixtures of new synthetic ester with mineral oils of different degrees of aging. The method of determining the concentration of mineral oil in a mixture with synthetic ester based on near-infrared spectroscopy is new and is characterized by a higher accuracy in relation to the methods previously described in the literature.

Pages (from - to)

6381-1 - 6381-12





article number: 6381

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

Download file

Access level to full text


Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

3.2 [List 2022]

This website uses cookies to remember the authenticated session of the user. For more information, read about Cookies and Privacy Policy.