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Influence of Dispersed Phase Content on the Mechanical Properties of Electroless Nanocomposite Ni-P/Si3N4 and Hybrid Ni-P/Si3N4/Graphite Layers Deposited on the AW-7075 Alloy


[ 1 ] Instytut Technologii Mechanicznej, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 16 | Journal number: iss. 18

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • nanocomposite
  • silicon nitride
  • graphite
  • aluminum alloy
  • adhesion

EN The article presents the results of mechanical testing of Ni-P/Si3N4 nanocomposite and hybrid Ni-P/Si3N4/graphite coatings deposited on AW-7075 aluminum alloy using the chemical reduction method. In terms of mechanical testing, microhardness was measured, and surface roughness and adhesion of the coatings to the aluminum substrate were determined using the “scratch test” method. The surface morphology of the deposited layers was also analyzed using light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Samples made of AW-7075 aluminum alloy with electroless deposited Ni-P/Si3N4 nanocomposite, Ni-P/graphite composite and hybrid Ni-P/Si3N4/graphite coatings with different content of dispersed phases were tested, and also, for comparison purposes, the Ni-P layer that constituted the matrix of the tested materials. Reinforcing phases in the form of silicon nitride nanoparticles and graphite particles were used in the layers. The purpose of the research was a thorough characterization of the coating materials used on aluminum alloys in terms of mechanical properties. Graphite is considered in this paper as it enables the reduction of the coefficient of friction through its lubricating properties. Unfortunately, graphite is difficult to use in selected layers as the only dispersion phase, because it has much lower hardness than the Ni-P coating. For this reason, a layer with a single dispersion phase in the form of graphite will be characterized by worse mechanical properties. It is necessary to add particles or nanoparticles with hardness higher than the base Ni-P coating, e.g., Si3N4, which improve the mechanical properties of the coating. The presented analyses of the results of the conducted research complement the previous studies on selected properties of nanocomposite layers with an amorphous structure and supplement the knowledge regarding their suitability for application to aluminum machine parts.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

6100-1 - 6100-22





Article Number: 6100

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

original author's version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

3.4 [List 2022]

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