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Article

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Title

Correlation between the Production of Electricity by Offshore Wind Farms and the Demand for Electricity in Polish Conditions

Authors

[ 1 ] Instytut Elektrotechniki i Elektroniki Przemysłowej, Wydział Automatyki, Robotyki i Elektrotechniki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Instytut Elektroenergetyki, Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska i Energetyki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.2] Automation, electronics and electrical engineering
[2.10] Environmental engineering, mining and energy

Year of publication

2022

Published in

Energies

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 15 | Journal number: iss. 10

Article type

scientific article

Publication language

english

Keywords
EN
  • offshore wind power
  • power demand
  • RES
  • correlation between solar and wind power plants
Abstract

EN Energy transition forcing a change in the structure of the electricity generation system is a particularly difficult task in countries such as Poland, where the dominant source of energy is fossil fuels. Due to the nature of renewable sources (stochastic and seasonally variable), it is necessary to study their impact on the power system. Much research was conducted on this subject. They consider modelling power systems in terms of dealing with an increasing amount of renewable energy sources, stabilization of electricity generation or environmental aspects. This article examines one of the key sources of future power systems—offshore wind turbines (OWT). The influence of offshore wind sources on the power system in the fields of stability of generation, methods of regulatory strategies, and economics were examined. One of the aspects that are less considered is the correlation of energy production in OWT with energy demand and with generation in other renewable energy sources, especially in the region of the southern Baltic Sea and the distribution of energy demand in countries such as Poland. The key aspect of the research is to fill this gap. The obtained results indicate that the average monthly power generation in OWT is strongly positively correlated with the demand, and the hourly average is positively correlated moderately. Correlation between generation in OWT and photovoltaic sources is very high negative, and between onshore and offshore wind turbines is highly positive. The study indicates that the OWT has a significant potential for the development and replacement of conventional sources, due to the very high capacity and a positive correlation with demand. Moreover, future offshore wind farms can cooperate with photovoltaic sources as these sources complement each other. On the other hand, a significant saturation of the system with offshore and onshore wind sources may pose a threat to the power system due to their positive correlation.

Pages (from - to)

3669-1 - 3669-18

DOI

10.3390/en15103669

URL

https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/15/10/3669/htm

Comments

article number: 3669

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

Download file

Access level to full text

public

Ministry points / journal

140

Impact Factor

3,2

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