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Legal Regulations of Restrictions of Air Pollution Made by Mobile Positive Pressure Fans—The Case Study for Europe: A Review


[ 1 ] Instytut Konstrukcji Maszyn, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee | [ SzD ] doctoral school student

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.8] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 15 | Journal number: iss. 20

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • small engine
  • non road
  • combustion engine
  • emission

EN This paper presents a review of mobile positive pressure ventilation fans for use in rescue operations available on the European market in correlation with the approval regulations of the drive units. The authors determined the approval limits for harmful compound emissions by their power units, as applicable within the European Union. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the emissions of harmful compounds from the exhausts of rescue fan power units. It was demonstrated that electric fans are not in direct competition with internal combustion fans because they are provided in different power ranges, and 74% of the electric fan market falls between 1.1 kW and 2.2 kW, whereas fans powered by combustion engines are offered in a much higher power range from 0.7 kW to 92 kW, and the most popular power range offered by manufacturers is from 3.4 kW to 6.3 kW (57% of the market). On the basis of the limits derived from approval tests it can be demonstrated that 90% of engines on the European market which are used in fans (spark ignition (SI) engine up to 19 kW) are allowed carbon monoxide (CO) emissions of 610 g/kWh and hydrocarbon and nitrogen oxide emissions (HC + NOx) of 8 g/kWh.

Pages (from - to)

7672-1 - 7672-11





article number: 7672

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

3.252 [List 2021]

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