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Characterization and Simulation of Shear-Induced Damage in Selective-Laser-Sintered Polyamide 12


[ 1 ] Instytut Mechaniki Stosowanej, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2024 | Journal volume: vol. 17 | Journal number: iss. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • selective-laser-sintered polyamide 12 (PA12)
  • shear loading
  • user material routine (UMAT)
  • Chaboche model
  • GTN model
  • viscoplasticity

EN This paper presents the characterisation of selective-laser-sintered (SLS) samples of polyamide 12 (PA12) under shear loading. PA12 is a semi-crystalline thermoplastic and is used in various industries. Its behaviour under shear stress, which is particularly important for product reliability, has not yet been sufficiently investigated. This research focuses on understanding the material and damage behaviour of PA12 under shear-induced stress conditions. The study included quasi-static experiments and numerical simulations. Samples were prepared via SLS and tested according to ASTM standards. Digital image correlation (DIC) was used for precise deformation measurements. The Chaboche material model was used for the viscoplastic behaviour in the numerical simulations. Due to existing material discontinuities in the form of voids, the material model was coupled with the Gurson–Tvergaard–Needleman (GTN) damage model. A modified approach of the GTN model was used to account for low stress triaxiality under shear loading. These models were implemented in MATLAB and integrated into Abaqus via a User Material (UMAT) subroutine. The results of the experiments and simulations showed a high degree of accuracy. An important finding was the significant influence of the shear factor 𝑘𝑤 on the damage behaviour, especially during failure. This factor proved to be essential for the accurate prediction of material behaviour under shear-induced stress conditions. The integration of the modified GTN model with the Chaboche material model in UMAT enables an accurate prediction of the material and damage behaviour and thus makes an important contribution to the understanding of the mechanical material behaviour of SLS PA12 specimens.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

38-1 - 38-15




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

3,4 [List 2022]

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