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Overcurrent protection against multi-phase faults in MV networks based on negative and zero sequence criteria


[ 1 ] Instytut Elektroenergetyki, Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska i Energetyki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.9] Environmental engineering, mining and energy

Year of publication


Published in

International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 134

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • distribution network
  • fault current
  • negative sequence current
  • overcurrent protection
  • symmetrical components

EN Adequate power system protection plays crucial role in ensuring reliability of electricity supply, thus it is a key challenge for distribution system operators to increase the effectiveness of protection schemes operation and protection equipment itself. The main goal of the paper is presenting a multi-criteria protection algorithm that may boost effectiveness of power lines’ short-circuit overcurrent relays in medium voltage networks in case of various two phase faults. The idea of enhancing protection performance is based on fault current symmetrical components’ analysis and specifically on using negative and zero sequence currents as criterial values for overcurrent line protection used against such faults. The paper describes in detail the proposed solution and analyses its performance based on medium voltage network simulations carried out using DIgSILENT PowerFactory software. Promising simulation results can be observed for definite time overcurrent protection relays used in reactance-earthed networks, as introduction of the proposed method proved to increase the zone of effective operation twice comparing to the traditional phase current based solutions. Moreover, in the proposed solution, coordination of protection settings for small earth-fault current values, which are identified by other protection relays, is not necessary. The proposed solution may complement the traditional algorithms for short-circuit protection (I≫) used in modern protection relays monitoring the level of negative and zero sequence current, and therefore may significantly improve the effectiveness of detecting various phase-to-phase faults in the considered MV line protection zone.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

107449-1 - 107449-11





Article Number: 107449

License type

CC BY-NC-ND (attribution - noncommercial - no derivatives)

Open Access Mode

czasopismo hybrydowe

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Full text of article

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Points of MNiSW / journal


Impact Factor

4.630 [List 2020]

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