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Surface Topography Description of Threads Made with Turning on Inconel 718 Shafts


[ 1 ] Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Instytut Technologii Mechanicznej, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ SzD ] doctoral school student | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.8] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 16 | Journal number: iss. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • thread
  • turning
  • topography
  • Inconel 718

EN The technology of producing threads, especially in materials that are difficult to cut, is a rare subject of research and scientific publications. The requirements for the production of these elements apply not only to the geometry, but also to the quality of the surface obtained. This is particularly important in the aviation industry, where the durability of the threaded connection affects passenger safety. Due to the design of the thread, the quality of its surface is assessed visually in industrial practice. The authors of this study decided to examine the surface topography of external threads made by turning on Inconel 718 shafts in order to confirm the visual evaluation, as well as to investigate the influence of such factors as cutting speed, turning direction and type of profile. Three types of contours were cut for the research: triangular, trapezoidal symmetrical and trapezoidal asymmetrical. Turning of each was carried out twice at cutting speeds vc = 17 m/min and vc = 30 m/min. On each of the threads, the side surface of the profile made in the direction of the insert feed and the opposite surface were examined. The surface texture parameters Sa, Sq, Sp, Sv, Sz, Ssk and Sku were determined and compared. It was noticed that the thread surfaces show a tendency to irregular roughness, which was confirmed by the analysis of the Sku and Ssk coefficients. The sides of the contours made in the direction of the insert feed are characterized by a higher roughness in relation to the opposite sides, which may result from high cutting forces and difficulties with chip evacuation. With the cutting speed being considered, lower values of Sa and Sq were obtained for vc = 17 m/min, which differed from the visual assessment, proving its high subjectivity.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

80-1 - 80-13





Article Number: 80

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

3.748 [List 2021]

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