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A method of assessment of a sustainable product – the concept and its implementation for parts and subassemblies of agricultural transport means


[ 1 ] Instytut Logistyki, Wydział Inżynierii Zarządzania, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[6.6] Management and quality studies

Year of publication


Published in

Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej. Organizacja i Zarządzanie

Journal year: 2023 | Journal number: no. 185

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • sustainable product
  • environment
  • economics
  • society
  • agricultural transport

EN Purpose: The belief that there is an economic demand for results of an application nature was the main inspiration to undertake the research, the main goal of which is to develop a set of criteria defining a sustainable product and, on this basis, to prepare a method for its evaluation. Design / Methodology / Approach: In the theoretical layer, the method of reconstruction and interpretation of the literature on the theory of sustainable production will be used, while in the design layer, a research procedure based on a creative discussion conducted among deliberately selected field experts (competent judges) will be initiated. At the practical level, it is suggested to develop and use a method in the practise of enterprise - assessment of selected parts and technical components of agricultural transport means in terms of defined criteria (characteristics). Findings research established what criteria a product must meet to be attractive from the manufacturer's point of view, on the one hand (economic criteria) and, on the other hand, to meet the demands resulting from the sustainable development policy (socio-environmental issues). The method developed to evaluate a sustainable product was tested in the practise of companies in the agricultural machinery sector. On this basis, it was estimated to what extent the analysed parts and components of technical means of agricultural transport meet the postulates adopted under the developed method. Thus, the authors present a complex approach and broadly understood assessment and related criteria that predispose a product to be "sustainable". Research limitations/implications: There are many ambiguities in the interpretation of the concept of a sustainable product. This term has an ambiguous meaning. Defining a sustainable product is as difficult as its precise differentiation in enterprise implementation processes. Despite many attempts to reconcile the positions among researchers, there is no clear agreement on the meaning of this concept. What is a sustainable product and, consequently, what methods should it be tested for? The above issue determined the initiation of directional research aimed at obtaining an answer to this question. Practical implications: The developed method will influence the adaptation of products to the requirements of a sustainable and resource-efficient circular economy and reduce the amount of waste in the production process. Thanks to the publication, the company has a chance to notice ecological problems much more broadly and, by influencing them, indirectly reduce the burden on the natural environment. The implementation of the method will result in a change in the approach to ecological problems from the end of the production process to the source of the production process (process design). Social implications: When choosing a specific product, consumers receive a tool that allows them to define the orientation of the companies that produce it on environmental and social issues. This approach accelerates the process of greening production companies operating in the agricultural machinery sector. Originality/value: This work presents procedures and tools that allow the identification of key characteristics of a sustainable product and the method of parameterizing them in relation to parts and technical components of agricultural transport means. The developed proprietary profile of sustainable product features is the starting point for improving the assortment database management processes. In the context of the research subject, the developed assessment model can be used to improve the product portfolio of companies in the agricultural machinery sector and related sectors.

Pages (from - to)

333 - 352


License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

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