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Experimental study and modelling of an air-cooled proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack in the static and dynamic performance


[ 1 ] Instytut Silników Spalinowych i Napędów, Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Transportu, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.7] Civil engineering, geodesy and transport

Year of publication


Published in

Eksploatacja i Niezawodność – Maintenance and Reliability

Journal year: 2024 | Journal volume: vol. 26 | Journal number: no. 2

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • fuel cell system
  • static and dynamic condition
  • fuel cell modeling

EN Research on Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells is an important area in the field of modern energy sources. Such fuel cells are characterized by high efficiency and fast response times, making them a promising solution for sustainable energy production. Fuel cells operate under both static and dynamic conditions. Such varying operating conditions result in achieving different efficiency of fuel cell systems. This study attempts an experimental and modeled efficiency evaluation of a 1.2 kW open-cathode air-cooled fuel cell stack under static and dynamic conditions. A Sankey energy balance and an analysis of the balance components were determined for the fuel cell stack operating in these two operating states. Simultaneous modeling of the fuel cell under both static and dynamic conditions was carried out. The efficiency values of the fuel cell stack were found to be slightly higher under static conditions than under dynamic conditions. Modeling fuel cells in static and dynamic conditions results in slightly different parameters (better conformance was obtained for static models).

Pages (from - to)

1 - 13




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

2,5 [List 2022]

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