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Improving the Design of a Multi-Gear Pump Switchgear Using CFD Analysis


[ 1 ] Instytut Konstrukcji Maszyn, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee | [ SzD ] doctoral school student

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in

Applied Sciences

Journal year: 2024 | Journal volume: vol. 14 | Journal number: iss. 13

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • gear hydraulic machine
  • manifold
  • dynamic viscosity coefficient
  • pressure drop
  • numerical experiment
  • viscosity

EN Gear pumps are hydraulic machines capable of transferring energy and performing work in pumping fluid. This study presents an analysis of the hydrodynamic model of an external multiple gear pump in order to analyze the fluid flow in combinations of single and different viscosities at the same and different pressures and speeds. Solidworks Flow Simulation 2016 was used to analyze fluid flow. When the radius of the rounding on the collector inner surface is increased from 3 to 15 mm, the pressure drop decreases by 13%. When the radius of the manifold is 3 mm, cavitations are observed. With a liquid distribution system with four input ports and one outlet port in the top cover, the gear pump can handle liquids of viscosity classes 5 to 10. The speed should not exceed 1200 rpm if the liquid has a kinematic viscosity of 10 cSt. The pressure drop and velocity distribution of the liquid in the pressure and suction lines are the same. When the speed changes from 400 to 1200 rpm, the pressure drop increases five times, and the velocity increases three times. At a constant speed of 1000 rpm and an inlet pressure of 10 MPa but with different viscosities, the pressure drop decreases 8 times, and the speed increases 1.5 times. When the inlet pressure is 6 to 24 MPa, with constant speed and the same viscosity, the pressure drop and fluid velocity practically do not change. The dependence of pressure drop on the number of revolutions and radius of the rounding of the inner surface of the collector is statistically significant.

Pages (from - to)

5394-1 - 5394-17





Article number: 5394

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

2,5 [List 2023]

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