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Modelling the process of splitting wood and chipless cutting Pinus sylvestris L. wood in terms of designing the geometry of the tools and the driving force of the machine


[ 1 ] Instytut Konstrukcji Maszyn, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in

European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 81 | Journal number: iss. 1

Article type

scientific article

Publication language



EN The size of wood is reduced by splitting or chipless cutting whilst logging trees, limbing, or preparing wood to be a fuel, for example, or in order to improve the efficiency of wood drying processes. Low costs of wood processing are desirable in each of these processes. The article presents experimental and simulation tests run in ABAQUS software, which allow for an analysis of the geometry of cutting tools used during the splitting or chipless cutting of wood in order to determine the cutting force and driving force of the machine executing such a process. The tests involved wood of Pinus sylvestris L. (moisture content: 8.74% ± 0.1%) in four configurations (chipless cutting transverse to the fibres (90°–90°), splitting along the fibres (0°–90°), splitting radially to the grain (90°–0°) and splitting tangentially to the grain (90°–0°)). Analysis of the force and strength of the blade proved that an effective tip angle of the knife blade falls between 30° and 45°. The presented results also suggested that splitting wood along the fibres (0°–90°) is preferable in a machine process, while splitting tangentially and radially to the wood grain (90°–0°) is preferable when splitting wood using manual tools.

Pages (from - to)

1 - 15




License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

czasopismo hybrydowe

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

2,6 [List 2022]

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