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Article

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Title

Fast Kinodynamic Planning on the Constraint Manifold With Deep Neural Networks

Authors

[ 1 ] Instytut Robotyki i Inteligencji Maszynowej, Wydział Automatyki, Robotyki i Elektrotechniki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Szkoła Doktorska, Rektor, Politechnika Poznańska | [ SzD ] doctoral school student | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.2] Automation, electronics, electrical engineering and space technology

Year of publication

2024

Published in

IEEE Transactions on Robotics

Journal year: 2024 | Journal volume: vol. 40

Article type

scientific article

Publication language

english

Abstract

EN Motion planning is a mature area of research in robotics with many well-established methods based on optimization or sampling the state space, suitable for solving kinematic motion planning. However, when dynamic motions under constraints are needed and computation time is limited, fast kinodynamic planning on the constraint manifold is indispensable. In recent years, learning-based solutions have become alternatives to classical approaches, but they still lack comprehensive handling of complex constraints, such as planning on a lower dimensional manifold of the task space while considering the robot's dynamics. This article introduces a novel learning-to-plan framework that exploits the concept of constraint manifold, including dynamics, and neural planning methods. Our approach generates plans satisfying an arbitrary set of constraints and computes them in a short constant time, namely the inference time of a neural network. This allows the robot to plan and replan reactively, making our approach suitable for dynamic environments. We validate our approach on two simulated tasks and in a demanding real-world scenario, where we use a Kuka LBR Iiwa 14 robotic arm to perform the hitting movement in robotic air hockey.

Date of online publication

23.10.2023

Pages (from - to)

277 - 297

DOI

10.1109/TRO.2023.3326922

URL

https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/10292912?source=authoralert

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

czasopismo hybrydowe

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date

23.10.2023

Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Full text of article

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Access level to full text

public

Ministry points / journal

200

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