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Article


Title

Valorization of disposable polylactide (PLA) cups by rotational molding technology: The influence of pre-processing grinding and thermal treatment

Authors

[ 1 ] Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Instytut Technologii Materiałów, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 3 ] Instytut Inżynierii Materiałowej, Wydział Inżynierii Materiałowej i Fizyki Technicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ SzD ] doctoral school student | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.7] Materials engineering
[2.8] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication

2022

Published in

Polymer Testing

Journal year: 2022 | Journal volume: vol. 107

Article type

scientific article

Publication language

english

Keywords
EN
  • PLA
  • rotational molding
  • recycling
  • grinding
  • waste management
  • structure analysis
Abstract

EN This study presents the structure-property relationship of rotationally molded products made of waste-based polylactide (PLA) pre-processed with different procedures. While the use of recycled petrochemical thermoplastics, such as polyethylene, is a current industrial practice, there is no evidence of recycled, biodegradable polymers as a source of material for manufacturing the rotomolded parts. The main problem is the difficulty in grinding low-melting material with a high ability to degrade during the milling process into a powder, which is essential from the point of view of rotational molding. The work describes three types of polylactide pre-treatment from post-consumer disposable cups for applying powders and micropellet as a material for manufacturing rotationally molded purposes. The applied pre-treatments are annealing disposable cups for 24 h at 100 °C and melt processing by extrusion of previously shredded cups. As part of the conducted research, the influence of initial recrystallization of the polymeric material and the impact of additional melt processing on the geometric features of the charge materials and the degree of their degradation was assessed. Complete structural characteristics of particle-shaped materials (powders and micropellets) evaluated using spectroscopic and calorimetric methods (FTIR and DSC) were related to the structure of the final products assessed by the 3D computed tomography (CT) method and resulting mechanical properties. Based on the conducted analyses, the risks and potential paths of development of the technology of shaping rotomolded products with low porosity (void volume 0.53%) and favorable mechanical properties (tensile strength of 48 MPa), made of recycled, biodegradable polyesters, were shown.

Date of online publication

11.01.2022

Pages (from - to)

107481-1 - 107481-16

DOI

10.1016/j.polymertesting.2022.107481

URL

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0142941822000101?via%3Dihub

Comments

Article Number: 107481

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Date of Open Access to the publication

in press

Points of MNiSW / journal

100.0

Impact Factor

4.282 [List 2020]

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