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Basic principles for biosurfactant-assisted (bio)remediation of soils contaminated by heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons – A critical evaluation of the performance of rhamnolipids


[ 1 ] Instytut Technologii i Inżynierii Chemicznej, Wydział Technologii Chemicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Instytut Chemii i Elektrochemii Technicznej, Wydział Technologii Chemicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee | [ SzD ] doctoral school student

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[7.6] Chemical sciences

Year of publication


Published in

Journal of Hazardous Materials

Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 443, Part A

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Biosurfactants
  • Synthetic surfactants
  • Bioremediation
  • Phytoextraction
  • Critical micellar concentration

EN Despite the fact that rhamnolipids are among the most studied biosurfactants, there are still several gaps which must be filled. The aim of this review is to emphasize and to indicate which issues should be taken into account in order to achieve efficient rhamnolipids-assisted biodegradation or phytoextraction of soils contaminated by heavy metals and petroleum hydrocarbons without harmful side effects. Four main topics have been elucidated in the review: effective concentration of rhamnolipids in soil, their potential phytotoxicity, susceptibility to biodegradation and interaction with soil microorganisms. The discussed elements are often closely associated and often overlap, thus making the interpretation of research results all the more challenging. Each dedicated section of this review includes a description of potential issues and questions, an explanation of the background and rationale for each problem, analysis of relevant literature reports and a short summary with possible application guidelines. The main conclusion is that there is a necessity to establish regulations regarding effective concentrations for rhamnolipids-assisted remediation of soil. The use of an improper concentration is the direct cause of all the other discussed phenomena.

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

130171-1 - 130171-14





Article number: 130171

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

13,6 [List 2022]

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