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Monitoring of Contamination of the Warta River in Poznan by Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Antibiotics


[ 1 ] Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska i Energetyki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Instytut Chemii i Elektrochemii Technicznej, Wydział Technologii Chemicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 3 ] Instytut Inżynierii Środowiska i Instalacji Budowlanych, Wydział Inżynierii Środowiska i Energetyki, Politechnika Poznańska | [ SzD ] doctoral school student | [ P ] employee | [ D ] phd student

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.10] Environmental engineering, mining and energy
[7.6] Chemical sciences

Year of publication


Published in


Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 15 | Journal number: iss. 15

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • pharmaceuticals
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • antibiotic
  • monitoring
  • contamination
  • surface water

EN The pharmaceutical active compounds: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics, hormones, as well as detergents and pesticides that help improve human life are considered a source of water contamination. The amount of pharmaceutical active compounds in the environment is constantly increasing due to their widespread use by humans. Medicines sales in Poland are very high and rank sixth among European countries; moreover, sales are growing dynamically. Analysis of water samples from Warta River made it possible to study the dependence of NSAIDs, analgesics, and antibiotics concentrations in water due to season, month, and pandemic time. Analytes from the surface water were separated and concentrated by solid phase extraction (SPE) and determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry technique (LC-MS/MS). The concentration of pharmaceuticals in the Warta River was subject to significant (or moderate) fluctuations during the study period. Concentrations depended on weather conditions and disease periods (seasonal, epidemic).

Date of online publication


Pages (from - to)

2716-1 - 2716-16





Article number: 2716

License type

CC BY (attribution alone)

Open Access Mode

open journal

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Release date


Date of Open Access to the publication

at the time of publication

Full text of article

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Access level to full text


Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

3,4 [List 2022]

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