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Manufacturing and properties of epoxy‑basalt fiber laminates filled with waste rigid polyurethane foam for structural and damping applications


[ 1 ] Instytut Technologii Materiałów, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Instytut Mechaniki Stosowanej, Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 3 ] Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 4 ] Instytut Inżynierii Materiałowej, Wydział Inżynierii Materiałowej i Fizyki Technicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee | [ SzD ] doctoral school student

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.8] Materials engineering
[2.9] Mechanical engineering

Year of publication


Published in

Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering

Journal year: 2024 | Journal volume: vol. 24

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • Epoxy
  • Composite
  • Polyurethane waste
  • Laminate
  • Mechanical properties

EN Global economic development and efforts to enhance overall quality of life yielded growth in the construction and building sector, increasing not only the demand for materials but also waste generation. Its efficient management should take full advantage of the exceptional properties of building materials. The presented work is the first reported study on possibly using waste rigid polyurethane (PUR) foam, commonly applied as thermal insulation, as particle-shaped low-density filler for manufacturing hybrid epoxy-basalt composites. It investigated the potential management of waste PUR foam by applying it as a functional filler to hybridize epoxy-basalt composites. Herein, 1, 2, 5, and 10 wt% PUR powder were introduced into the thermoset-based composites prepared using the vacuum bag method. A comprehensive analysis of mechanical and thermomechanical properties correlated with changes in the composite structure revealed the beneficial aspects of the waste filler addition associated with increased heat deflection temperature and mechanical damping ability. Introducing micrometric domains of the waste filler changed the composites' fracture character. It enabled maintaining the impact strength of composites containing up to 5 wt% of PUR powder at the level of unfilled epoxy resin. However, despite that, the incorporation of PUR powder unfavorably affected tensile and flexural performance, yielding a significant drop in moduli and strength.

Pages (from - to)

57-1 - 57-18




Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

4,4 [List 2022]

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