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Carbon nanotubes as fast-thickening agents in polyalphaolefin greases: Partial crystallinity and intertube joints toward multifunctionality


[ 1 ] Instytut Silników Spalinowych i Napędów, Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Transportu, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 2 ] Instytut Technologii i Inżynierii Chemicznej, Wydział Technologii Chemicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 3 ] Instytut Badań Materiałowych i Inżynierii Kwantowej, Wydział Inżynierii Materiałowej i Fizyki Technicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 4 ] Instytut Maszyn Roboczych i Pojazdów Samochodowych, Wydział Inżynierii Lądowej i Transportu, Politechnika Poznańska | [ 5 ] Instytut Fizyki, Wydział Inżynierii Materiałowej i Fizyki Technicznej, Politechnika Poznańska | [ P ] employee

Scientific discipline (Law 2.0)

[2.7] Civil engineering, geodesy and transport
[2.8] Materials engineering
[7.6] Chemical sciences

Year of publication


Published in

Journal of Molecular Liquids

Journal year: 2023 | Journal volume: vol. 391, part A

Article type

scientific article

Publication language


  • carbon nanotubes
  • grease
  • interface
  • viscosity
  • electrical conductivity
  • thermal conductivity

EN Scalable and economic manufacturing of carbon nanotube (CNT) greases addresses the current challenges of nanofluids. The key problems remain the complex and non-obvious nature of nanotube-base fluid interactions with the diversity of nanotube morphological variants as the main aspect. Here, we prove that successful formation of stable and multifunctional CNT polyalphaolefin (PAO) greases is possible only by employing two types of multi-wall CNTs (MWCNTs) as the thickening as well as thermo- and electro-active agents, i.e., (1) thin, entangled, less crystalline nanotubes and (2) thick nanotubes connected via few-mismatched-layer graphenoid joints. Using mechanical spectroscopy, SEM, TEM, Raman spectroscopy, inverse gas chromatography (IGC), and Hansen solubility parameters, we analyze the mechanisms governing fast-thickening behavior and CNT-PAO affinities, revealing a reversible formation of a 3D CNT-network which mimics a mesh of the conventional lithium soaps. Finally, we reveal the multifunctionality of the CNT-PAO greases, expressed in as high as 58%- and 700%-enhancements of thermal and alternating current conductivity, respectively, compared to PAO base fluid.

Pages (from - to)

1 - 10




License type

CC BY-NC (attribution - noncommercial)

Open Access Mode

czasopismo hybrydowe

Open Access Text Version

final published version

Full text of article

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Ministry points / journal


Impact Factor

6 [List 2022]

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